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Gingivitis is a common and mild form of gum disease usually caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on teeth. Symptoms include irritation, redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums around the base of teeth. Gingivitis can lead to more serious gum disease if left untreated, but it can be reversed with good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.

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Early detection and treatment are key to preventing gingivitis from progressing to more severe gum disease. When gingivitis progresses beyond the mild stage without proper intervention, it can lead to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that may require scaling and root planing. This deep-cleaning procedure is performed under local anesthesia; the dentist or hygienist removes plaque and tartar from below the gum line and smooths the roots of the teeth to promote reattachment of the gums to the teeth. Scaling and root planing can halt the progression of periodontitis, thereby preventing potential tooth loss and the need for more extensive dental procedures. After treatment, maintaining diligent oral hygiene and regular dental visits are crucial to prevent recurrence of the disease.

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Gingivitis treatment helps maintain the integrity of the gums by supporting the teeth and providing a barrier against bacteria. Regular removal of plaque through brushing and flossing prevents the progression of gingivitis to more severe periodontal diseases.

Gingivitis serves as an early indicator of oral health issues. It can be reversed with good oral hygiene, but if left untreated, it may lead to more serious periodontal diseases, affecting the overall health of the mouth and body.

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