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Periodontitis, commonly referred to as gum disease, is a serious infection of the gums that can damage the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth. It is often caused by poor oral hygiene leading to the accumulation of plaque, which harbors harmful bacteria. Symptoms of periodontitis include swollen, red, or bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, and loose teeth. If left untreated, periodontitis can result in tooth loss and other systemic health issues.

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Treatment for periodontitis typically involves professional cleaning, scaling, root planing, and in severe cases, surgery to restore gum health and prevent further damage to the teeth and supporting structures. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are essential in preventing and managing periodontitis.

When periodontal disease progresses to an advanced stage, periodontal surgery may be required to halt the damage and regenerate lost tissue and bone. This surgical intervention is considered when deep pockets between the teeth and gums do not heal after scaling and root planing. The procedure typically involves folding back the gum tissue to remove the disease-causing bacteria before securing the tissue into place.

In some cases, bone grafts, tissue-stimulating proteins, or membranes may be used to encourage the body’s natural ability to regenerate bone and tissue. Following surgery, patients must adhere to a strict oral hygiene regimen and attend regular dental visits to monitor healing and prevent recurrence of the disease. This intervention is crucial for preserving the natural dentition and maintaining overall oral health.

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Periodontitis involves complex interactions between bacterial infection and the body’s immune response, leading to gum inflammation, tissue destruction, and bone loss if left untreated. Effective management is crucial for maintaining dental and overall health.

Periodontal health and disease management involves regular dental check-ups, professional cleanings, and good oral hygiene practices to maintain healthy gums and prevent periodontal disease.

Treatment will aid in reducing gum inflammation through plaque removal and oral hygiene to prevent tissue damage. Dentists strive to prevent or slow down the loss of bone around teeth, which is a hallmark of periodontitis.
Targeting pathogenic bacteria with antimicrobial agents and improved oral hygiene can help to halt disease progression




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